12 June 2009

Life on the bus

Everywhere you go different systems for organizing public transport is utilized. Here in São Paulo the buses are divided in two. You enter by the driver and walk to the middle of the bus where a person charges your ticket. You pay with cash R$ 2.40 (about US$ 1) or with your precharged electronic "bilhete unico". If you use the "bilhete unico" you can take up to four buses within three hours without being charged additionally. If you are a student you have the "bilhete unico estudante" which gives you 50% off. After paying you are allowed to the back section of the bus where, if you are lucky, there's a free seat for you. The front section is for people that for different reasons don't have to pay; including, amongst others; elderly, police officers, employees of the public transport system and their families.

The buses are often very crowded and if you don't have a place to sit you are left standing. You will, as elsewhere, offer your seat to elders, pregnant women and such. Also, ofcourse, to beautiful girls if you're a young man full of hormones or an elder man who also likes beautiful young women. There's a lot of sympathy for the beautiful young women in Brazil and men of all ages help them never getting exhausted.

Often seen, which struck me as sympathetic and different, is the habit of seated persons carrying on their laps the loads of standing persons. This gives a relief to the standing person, and also offers him/her a better balance, the buses not being a stable invironment having to break and go, do fast turns (yes, I think it must be a law for the bus drivers to really push the limits on speed at all times), and also when exposed to the innumerable speed bumps, which seams to be Brazilians solution to all trafic problems. It is not uncommon to have speed bumps every 100 meters, even in areas which are mostly for transit.

The charger is seated in the middle of the bus. Here he controls who goes on and off, and that no one gets on at the exit door (which would leave this person not paying). He also controls and gives a sign to the driver when everyone that intended has left the bus and the driver might close the door and take off again.

The charger is the one that has most contact with the public. On the photo above helping a woman to get off at the right stop.

Confrontation and paralysis

The strike immobilizes the faculty, there might not be final presentations of students projects, as planned for next week. This means that notes will be given only in August. The photo below is from the central plaza at campus where students have hung a "Get out MPs!"-flag on the clock.

A video filmed by one of the students under the confrontation with the MPs. From
http://dceocupado.blogspot.com/, a student blog that follows this process. Interesting to check out for more photos and videos.

10 June 2009

Whispers of yesterday

Photos from: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/educacao/ult305u578870.shtml

During the dictatorship in Brazil, the university was moved from the centre of town to a new campus enclosing all the faculties. The objective was to isolate the students and the "problems" they bring, such as manifestations.

5th of May functionaries of the University of São Paulo (USP) went on strike, because it is the only way they get a rise. University council would like to rise their salaries every 5 years, however the functionaries demand a rise every 2 years. So every two years they go on strike. This time the leader of the syndicate was suspended during the negotiations, and so manifestations started. The functionaries include bus drivers of the "Circular" (circular bus service on campus), employees at the "Bandechão" (cafeteria where you can eat for only R$2 (less than 1 dollar) etc.

The way I have understood it the functionaries started blocking the enterence of the respective buildings in protest. The government then inserted the military police to remove them. Students started protesting against the aparance of the MPs and yesterday, during a protest where the students were blocking one of the main access points into campus, there was a confrontation with the MPs. The MPs through smoke bombs at the students and pointed arms. Since the end of the dictatorship this is the first time the MPs have entered university grounds. Consequently all the students at my own faculty is now on strike as a protest.

Photos from: http://veja.abril.com.br/noticia/brasil/policiais-militares-entram-confronto-estudantes-usp-476304.shtml